Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the ovaries, the female reproductive organs responsible for producing eggs. Ovarian cancer can be challenging to detect in its early stages, and symptoms may not appear until it has spread to other body parts. This article will discuss ovarian cancer in detail, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention from the cancer hospital in Chennai.
Causes Of Ovarian Cancer
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unknown, but several risk factors increase a woman’s likelihood of developing the disease. These risk factors include a family history of ovarian or breast cancer, age (most ovarian cancer cases occur in women over 50), obesity, hormone replacement therapy, and specific genetic mutations such as BRCA1 and BRCA2.
Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer
Symptoms of ovarian cancer may be vague and easily overlooked, especially in its early stages. However, some common symptoms of ovarian cancer include abdominal bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly, and frequent urination. Other symptoms may include fatigue, back pain, constipation, and menstrual irregularities.
Diagnosis Of Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer can be challenging to diagnose in its early stages, and there is currently no screening test that can detect ovarian cancer with certainty. However, if ovarian cancer is suspected, the best cancer hospital in Chennai may perform a physical exam, including a pelvic exam and blood tests. Imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI may also be used to diagnose ovarian cancer. In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer
The cancer treatment in Chennai of ovarian cancer depends on the tumour stage, the patient’s age and overall health, and other factors such as the type of ovarian cancer. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. In most cases, surgery is the first step in treating ovarian cancer. Surgery aims to remove as much cancer as possible. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells.
Prevention Of Ovarian Cancer
Although there is no sure way to prevent ovarian cancer, there are several steps that women can take to reduce their risk of developing the disease. These steps include maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine, avoiding smoking, and using birth control pills. Women with a family history of ovarian or breast cancer may also benefit from genetic counselling and testing.
Suppose you are experiencing any symptoms of ovarian cancer or have concerns about your risk of developing the disease; in that case, you must talk to your best oncologists in Chennai immediately. Early detection and treatment are crucial for improving outcomes and increasing survival rates for women with ovarian cancer.